How to Treat Seasonal Allergies

Seasonal allergies are caused by your body’s reaction to allergens. Common allergens include:

  • Pollen.
  • Dust mites.
  • Mold.
  • Animals.

Symptoms of allergies include:
  • Stuffy nose.
  • Runny nose.
  • Sneezing.
  • Itchy nose/eyes.

Often your doctor will start treating your allergies with one medicine based on your age and symptoms. If that does not work he or she may add or change medications.
Type of Medicine What it is Used for
Intranasal Steroids Often used as a first option. Helps decrease inflammation in the nose. Full effects may take up to a few weeks. Products in this group include nasal sprays.
Antihistamines Used as needed for patients with mild allergies who do not need medicine every day. Can also be added to other allergy medications. Helps with runny nose, sneezing, and itchy-watery eyes. Products in this group include both oral tablets, like Allegra®, and nasal sprays.
Decongestants Should be used only for short term. Helps with stuffed noses. Products in this group include Sudafed PE® and nasal sprays.
Other Agents May be added to help control allergy symptoms. Not used first. Products in this group include nasal sprays.


Other Things to Consider

  • Use air filters/humidifiers/a vacuum in your home to minimize allergens.
  • Avoid triggers such as going outside in high pollen counts (wait until evening to go outside for long periods of time).
  • Use saline nasal sprays/irrigations to clear out nasal passages.
  • Quit smoking.